Sunday, February 14, 2016

Diagnosis of Fluid Retention : Health Advice

By Port Moresby General Hospital
To diagnose fluid retention, your doctor may take a thorough medical history, perform an exam including further testing such as blood, urine, liver function, kidney function, and a heart function tests. The cause for fluid retention must be found before treatment can begin. Your doctor may check whether the skin over the swollen area indents when pressed as well ask ask you questions about recent weight gain, tightness of clothes or jewellery, and other symptoms.
Keep a Symptom Diary: Make a note of when fluid retention started, where on the body did you notice you are retaining fluid, are you experiencing any other symptoms, have you noticed anything worsens your fluid retention, have you recently changed your diet, what medications are you on? Are you having any trouble sleeping or trouble with physical activity?
Treatment of Fluid Retention?
If your fluid retention I caused by an underlying cause your doctor will determine the right treatment for you which may require medication. If you doctor has ruled out the possibility that the fluid retention could be caused by an underlying health condition you doctor may suggest making a few diet and lifestyle changes or advise you to take a specific supplement based on your needs. Always discuss any supplement use with your doctor as they may interfere with the effectiveness of some medications. The following suggestions may help reduce swelling and relieve symptoms: (these suggestions are not recommended without understanding the underlying cause).
Treatment for the Underlying Medical Condition: Your doctor will determine if the cause for fluid retention Is from an underlying disease or condition and provide treatment if necessary.
Diuretics: Ask your doctor about diuretics, which help get rid of extra fluid from the body by increasing urination.
Diet: Eat a well-balanced diet and avoid processed foods when possible. Try including several small meals rather than large meals. Dietary adjustments may be necessary if malnutrition is the cause.
Reduce Salt Intake: Don’t add salt to your meals or snacks. Check food labels for added salt in packaged foods.
Drink Plenty of Water: It may sound contradictory, but a well-hydrated body is less likely to retain fluid. Do not reduce the amount of water or other fluids you drink without consulting your doctor first.
Avoid Dehydrating Drinks: Such as tea, coffee and alcohol.
Elevate Your Legs: Lie down with your legs higher than your head, when possible.
Exercise Regularly: Exercising is very beneficial when trying to rid yourself of fluid retention.
Lifestyle Changes: If you have been diagnosed with liver disease avoidance of alcohol may be suggested.
Changes in Medications or Dosage: If your medications are causing symptoms of fluid retention. Only on a doctor’s advice.
Wear Compression Stockings: To help improve blood flow.
Avoid Standing for Long Periods: Try to move around to promote blood flow.
Lose Weight: If you are overweight or obese. Weight loss should be done gradually.
Menstrual Cycle: Take a supplement if fluid retention is caused by pre-menstrual symptoms such as calcium and magnesium. (ask your doctor if this is right for you as it may interfere with certain medications).
Tip: Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, it is important for you to follow the treatment plan exactly as your doctor advises to reduce the risk of further health complications.
Remember: If you have noticed any changes in your body, it is always a good idea to have this checked by a doctor to ensure it is not a symptom of something more serious. Keep a symptom diary be sure to note any new symptoms or a change in symptoms bring this with you to your doctors appointment.